posted by Julie deGraffenried
A review of Empire’s Children: Soviet Childhood in the Age of Revolution, by Loraine de la Fe.
Loraine de la Fe’s dissertation is an impressive examination of the ways in which Soviet officials used children and childhood to construct Soviet empire in the two decades following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The transformation of childhood was part of the Soviet project to engineer the New Soviet Man, the goal being a thoroughly modern creation, conversant in the norms of the new socialist society and contributing to the building of socialism. Comparing Moscow and the Autonomous Republic of Kalmykia, de la Fe uses children’s...
posted by Marina Potoplyak
A review of Russian-Argentine Literary Exchanges, by Dina Odnopozova.
Dina Odnopozova’s dissertation skillfully traces the history of the literary dialogue between Russia and Argentina in the twentieth century. Using the works of Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881), Roberto Arlt (1900-1942), Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986), and Viktor Pelevin (1962- ), the author argues that the literary interactions between these two countries, located at the peripheries of the Western “cultural meridian,” used alternative channels of cultural distribution and consecration, and were often influenced by social and political conditions in their respective...
posted by Anjali Vithayathil
A review of The Institute of Experimental Medicine (Научно-исследовательный институт экспериментальной медицины) (St. Petersburg).
In November of last year, I had the opportunity to visit a small but well-equipped research institute in St. Petersburg, the Institute of Experimental Medicine. Formerly known as the Imperial Institute of Experimental Medicine, the medical center was built in 1890 by a distant relative of the Tsar, Prince Aleksandr Oldenburgskii, in response to a series of devastating cholera epidemics in the Russian Empire and rumors of an outbreak of plague in China. The...
posted by Mark Soderstrom
Dissertating, Doubting, and Doing It Anyway
As anyone who has tried knows well, dissertating is a doubt-laden enterprise. Such was certainly my experience. The dissertation I defended in 2011, “Enlightening the Land of Midnight: Peter Slovtsov, Ivan Kalashnikov, and the Saga of Russian Siberia,” explores the lives, service careers, and close friendship between Siberia’s first native-born historian (Slovtsov, 1767-1843) and novelist (Kalashnikov, 1797-1863), using the two men as tour guides of sorts to the Russian Empire during its “apogee” in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Although I am now knee-deep in...
posted by Bathsheba Demuth
A Review of Our Riviera, Coast of Health: Environment, Medicine, and Resort Life in Fin-de-Siècle Crimea, by George Lywood.
George Lywood’s dissertation examines how the Crimea was transformed during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries into the “Russian Riviera.” Lywood shows the ways in which Russians shaped the physical environment of this stretch of the Black Sea coastline into “a place of leisure, enlightenment, imperialism, health, sanitation, and highly gendered social interactions” (p. iv). While always attentive to local events and context, Our Riviera uses the Crimean beaches and their transient and settled...
posted by Brigid O'Keeffe
Esperanto and Historical Imagination
In early summer 1932, an anonymous Soviet functionary opened an envelope containing a formal invitation for the Soviet Union to participate in the 24th World Congress of Esperanto, a lavish event to be held in Paris from 30 July through 6 August 1932. The invitation was typed in French and dripped with saccharine pleasantries. Soviet “messieurs” were generically invited to participate in the Congress, for which, they were informed, the French President Albert Lebrun had accepted an honorary chairmanship. Dispatched from the Geneva headquarters of the Internacia Centra Komitato de la Esperanto-Movado...
posted by Matthew Melvin-Koushki
The fourth season of Dissertation Reviews begins very soon, and we have more Russian Studies content than ever. If you wish to participate in Dissertation Reviews, please click here to become a reviewer or to have your dissertation reviewed. You may also contact our dedicated Russian Studies Co-Editors, Julia Fein and Andrew Janco.
Please note that, if your research interests lie in Central Asia and Inner Asia, do not forget that we also have an “Inner and Central Asian Studies” series.
It is with a little sadness that we bid farewell to Philippa Hetherington (Harvard University), who spearheaded the Russian series for the past...
posted by Alfrid Bustanov
A review of Soviet and Muslim: The Institutionalization of Islam in Central Asia, 1943-1991, by Eren Murat Tasar.
Eren Murat Tasar devoted his doctoral dissertation to a highly important and demanding subject – the history of official Islamic institutions in Soviet Central Asia. The main goal of this book is to explain the relationships of the Council for the Affairs of Religious Cults (CARC) and Central Asian Muftiate (SADUM) “as well as its broader acceptance by state and society as a mechanism for regulating Islam” (p. 535). Basing his observations on an impressive body of official documentation from CARC, Tasar seeks to trace the...
posted by Elizabeth Bospflug
A review of Imperial Russia’s Muslims: Inroads of Modernity, by Mustafa Tuna.
Before 1917, Muslim intellectuals in Russia’s Volga-Ural region (today’s Tatarstan and Bashkortostan) sought to modernize their communities through cultural improvement, with the concrete goals of creating European-style schools, newspapers, and literature. But is cultural development enough to create a modern nation? Mustafa Tuna concludes in his dissertation, “Imperial Russia’s Muslims: Inroads of Modernity,” that the considerable efforts of a small group of people in the cultural sphere were negligible when compared to structural changes in trade and...
posted by Jessica Peyton-Roberts
A review of Enlightening the Land of Midnight: Peter Slovtsov, Ivan Kalashnikov, and the Saga of Russian Siberia, by Mark A. Soderstrom.
Mark Soderstrom offers a much needed reassessment of the relationship between Russia’s educated society and the tsarist regime in the first half of the nineteenth century. He challenges the prevalence of an “alienated educated elite,” a term historians such as Marc Raeff have used to refer to nobles who moved to the countryside to escape the immediate control of the center. Recent scholarly work such as that of John Randolph suggests that indeed, educated society did not cut itself off from...